The capital of Egypt is an amazing city with many must-see attractions worth to be explored. The Greater Cairo has an estimated population of 22 million citizens being the largest city in Africa and in the Middle East. In Arabic the city is “al-Qahirah” which means “the conquror” or “the victorious”. This city is also called the city of the 1000 minarets or the “Umm al-Dounia” meaning “the Mother of... the World”. The city of Cairo was founded in 969 by the Fatimid Caliphate from Tunisia, but in the territory there were many other civilizations before like the Islamic, Byzantine, Roman, Persian or the Memphis. Something interesting about Cairo is that has one of the oldest universities in the world, the al-Azhar University, which was founded in 975 CE. Sunday is the first day of the week,being Friday and Saturday the weekend days. The Nile river runs through Cairo, and there are two islands in the middle of the city.